The bomb is deployed by air using a Tu-4, one of the few transport aircraft that the GLA has at its disposal. The bomb would explode before reaching the ground, spreading lethal toxins and corrosive agents over a wide area. While causing decent damage to buildings, this mix is extremely lethal to infantry. It is also effective against vehicles, especially lightly armored ones, such as construction dozers.
When used in conjunction with Anthrax Beta, the Anthrax Bomb becomes more powerful to the point all infantry would be killed instantly upon detonation, and due to the incredibly large blast radius, almost all vehicles caught in the blast will eventually turn to slag.